The knee is the largest synovial joint the most common and moveable type of joint in the human body it allows extension and flexion as well as slight. To improve the quality and mobility of life, the most frequently used operative procedure is the total knee replacement but it is necessary to administer the pain relief measures in the post operative period which would allow the ambulation and reduce the post operative complications it is. Knee hyperextension is a condition caused when the knee straightens too far, beyond the normal maximum limit of 00 and often with the joint in varus malalignment in the properly aligned knee, the. View essay - jointessaydocx from healthcare sc1221 at national americal university joint essay-the knee the knee joint shavonda henry national american university joint essay-the knee the knee is.
Wound infection post total knee replacement surgery the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of uk essays of the knee joint are replaced with. Analysis of knee joint 1 pvinay kumar and 2 dr surya kumar 1 department of mechanical engineering, sriit, hyderabad 2 department of mechanical engineering, iit,. The knee is a joint formed, stabilized and given mobility by the articulation of bones, ligaments and tendons this joint is the largest joint in the body and is formed by the articulation of the femur bone in the thigh with the tibia in the lower leg.
The knee joint is a complex arrangement of bones, muscles, bursae (small fluid sacs), cartilage, and ligaments arthritic degeneration or physical trauma affecting the bones in the knee joint can necessitate total knee replacement, partial knee replacement or knee resurfacing. Osteochondral injury of the knee articulation knee is one of the normally injured articulations in the organic structure with the incidence of 19-23 %. Learn a about knee joint anatomy - the different structures that make up the knee, how they fit together, how they can go wrong and what to do if they do includes bones, muscles, cartilage, ligaments, tendons, joint capsule and the bursa. The knee joint is classified as a synovial, hinged-joint based on structure and function the articular surfaces provide motion forward and back in one plane the distal bone, or the tibia, rarely is in the same plane as the proximal bone, or the femur (classification 2007.
The doctor will preform arthroscopic surgery on mary in order to view the interior of the joint if she has severely damaged the meniscus, it can be removed with little impairment to the knee except some loss of stability. Free knee papers, essays, and research papers - knee pain associated with misalignment of the knee joint introduction & background i chose to write about knee. Recently, there has been a paradigm shift in the design of total knee replacements this new design allows surgeons to preserve the important central ligaments of the knee called the anterior and posterior cruciate ligaments.
The hip joint shown on the left side of the image is normal, but the hip joint shown on the right side of the image shows deterioration of cartilage and the formation of bone spurs due to osteoarthritis. Wounded knee essay wounded knee essay a study in the february issue of the journal of bone and joint surgery that showed that by moving and loading your knee. Your knee joint is where your thigh bone (femur) and your shin bone (tibia) meet it allows the bones to move freely but within limits your knee is the largest joint in the body and also one of the most complicated.
The proximal tibiofibular joint (ptfj) is a synovial joint that connects to the knee joint in 10% of patients [figure 2] it is hypothesized that increased knee joint pressure in these patients can result in the formation of a synovial cyst in the ptfj. After having a total knee replacement, you'll likely go through a combination of physical therapy in the hospital, at home, and at facilities learn more.
Joint components work together to facilitate balanced movement that causes no damage for example, when the knee is bent to take a step, the hamstring muscles on the back of the thigh contract and shorten, pulling the lower leg in and bending the knee. Writework is the biggest source online where you can find thousands of free school & college essays, research & term papers, book reports in over 190 categories. Knee pain is a common problem that can originate in any of the bony structures compromising the knee joint (femur, tibia, fibula), the kneecap , or the ligaments and cartilage of the knee knee pain can be aggravated by physical activity, as well as obesity, affected by the surrounding muscles and their movements, and be triggered by other.